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Medical Science Monitor Basic Research


eISSN: 2329-0358

Pediatric Liver Transplantation for Alagille Syndrome: Anesthetic Evaluation and Perioperative Management

Wen-He Yang, Liang Zhang, Fu-Shan Xue, Azmat Riaz, Zhi-Jun Zhu

Department of Anesthesiology, Beijing Friendship Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China (mainland)

Ann Transplant 2020; 25:e924282

DOI: 10.12659/AOT.924282

Available online: 2020-08-13

Published: 2020-10-13

BACKGROUND: Alagille syndrome (AGS) is an autosomal dominant hereditary disorder characterized by identifiable abnormalities in the liver, heart, face, skeleton, and eyes. Recently, liver transplantation (LT) has been proposed as a therapeutic strategy for patients with AGS complicated by end-stage liver disease, but clinical experience in performing anesthesia in LT for AGS is still scarce. We aimed to summarize our preliminary experience in the anesthetic management of LT for AGS in this study.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: We reviewed the cases of 11 patients with AGS who underwent LT from September 2017 to April 2019. Preoperative multi-system comorbidities, intraoperative details, and postoperative outcomes were retrospectively collected and summarized.
RESULTS: Cardiopulmonary abnormalities were common (81.8%) in AGS patients before LT, and the most frequent comorbidity was pulmonary artery stenosis. After careful anesthetic evaluation and perioperative management, all patients survived during the perioperative period without significant cardiovascular complications. However, there was an unexpectedly high prevalence of surgical complications and re-operations in AGS patients compared to biliary atresia recipients (54.5% vs. 22.4%, P=0.031; and 45.5% vs. 15.3%, P=0.028, respectively).
CONCLUSIONS: Perioperative management of LT for AGS patients can be particularly challenging, requiring a full understanding of the pathophysiology, as well as a careful preoperative evaluation of the multi-system comorbidities. The high prevalence of postoperative surgical complications should be a matter of concern.

Keywords: Alagille Syndrome, Anesthesia, Cardiovascular Abnormalities, Liver Transplantation, Pediatrics, Postoperative Complications