Predictors of Mortality During Initial Liver Transplant Hospitalization and Investigation of Causes of Death
Ni Gong, Chao Jia, He Huang, Jing Liu, XueTing Huang, Qiquan Wan
Department of General Surgery, The Third Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, Hunan, China (mainland)
Ann Transplant 2020; 25:e926020
Available online: 2020-09-28
Liver transplant (LT) remains a life-saving procedure with a high mortality rate. The present study investigated the causes of death and sought to identify predictive factors of mortality during the initial LT hospitalization.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: We retrieved data on first-time adult recipients who underwent LT between November 2017 and October 2019 receiving grafts from donation after citizen’s death. The risk factors for mortality during the initial LT hospitalization were confirmed by univariate analysis. We also analyzed the causes of death.
RESULTS: We enrolled 103 recipients, including 86 males and 17 females, with a mean age of 47.7 years. Thirty-eight (36.9%) recipients were labeled as non-cholestatic cirrhosis-related indications. Approximately 8% of all recipients had diabetes prior to LT. Induction therapy was used in 11 (10.7%) recipients, along with maintenance therapy. The median model for end-stage liver disease score at LT was 32.4 (21.4-38.4). The in-hospital mortality rate of LT recipients was 6.8% (7/103), and infections were responsible for most of the deaths (6/7). The 1 remaining death resulted from primary graft failure. Univariate analysis showed recipients with postoperative pneumonia (p2 mg/dL, and alanine transaminase on day 1 after LT >1800 µmol/L (all P<0.001) were much more likely to die.
CONCLUSIONS: In-hospital mortality of LT recipients was high, due in large part to infections. Acute hepatic necrosis, prolonged post-transplant ICU stays, certain types of postoperative infections, and postoperative liver and kidney dysfunction were potential risk factors for in-hospital mortality of LT recipients.
Keywords: Cause of Death, Liver Transplantation, Mortality, Risk Factors