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Joichi Usui, Kunihiro Yamagata, Michio Nagata, Akira Shimizu, Asami Takeda, Hitoshi Sugiyama, Hiroshi Sato, Hitoshi Yokoyama
(Department of Nephrology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan)
Ann Transplant 2021; 26:e931873
Nationwide data on allograft kidney biopsies have been limited in number, in contrast to the large amount of accumulated data on native kidney biopsies. In this context, we have surveyed transplant biopsy data based on the nationwide database, the Japan Renal Biopsy Registry (J-RBR).
MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 2430 transplant biopsy cases were registered in the web-based J-RBR from January 2007 to January 2018. We categorized the entries regarding both the purpose of the biopsy and pathological diagnosis, and confirmed transplant glomerular diseases based on the clinical and pathological diagnosis.
RESULTS: Of the 2430 total transplant biopsy cases, 637 cases, including 9 cases of baseline biopsy, 216 cases of protocol biopsy, and 232 cases of episode biopsy, had a pathological diagnosis, including glomerular diseases, rejection, calcineurin inhibitor nephropathy, and interstitial fibrosis and tubular atrophy. Of these, 127 cases presented with glomerular disease, including 8 cases of baseline biopsy, 23 of protocol biopsy, 59 of episode biopsy, and 37 of unknown purpose). A total of 127 biopsies with glomerular disease revealed a high prevalence of immunoglobulin A nephropathy (n=38, 29.9%), followed by mesangial proliferative glomerulonephritis (n=29, 22.8%) and focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (n=8, 6.3%) when focused on protocol and episode biopsies.
CONCLUSIONS: The nationwide transplant biopsy database demonstrated the pathological characteristics of 637 cases, including 127 cases of post-transplant glomerular disease. The protocol and episode biopsies included high prevalence rates of IgAN, followed by FSGS.
Keywords: Glomerulonephritis, IGA, Kidney Transplantation, Pathology