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Medical Science Monitor Basic Research


eISSN: 2329-0358

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Efficacy and Safety of Once-Daily LCP-Tacrolimus Versus Twice-Daily Immediate-Release Tacrolimus in Adult Hispanic Stable Kidney Transplant Recipients: Sub-Group Analysis from a Phase 3 Trial

Arman Faravardeh, Sanjeev Akkina, Rafael Villicana, Giselle Guerra, Misbah A. Moten, Ulf Meier-Kriesche, Daniel R. Stevens, Samir J. Patel, Suphamai Bunnapradist

(SHARP Kidney and Pancreas Transplant Center, San Diego, CA, USA)

Ann Transplant 2021; 26:e929535

DOI: 10.12659/AOT.929535

BACKGROUND: The pharmacokinetics and metabolism of tacrolimus, an immunosuppressant commonly used to prevent transplant rejection, can differ in specific subpopulations. This analysis examined treatment outcomes and safety of immediate-release tacrolimus (IR-Tac) and LCP-tacrolimus (LCPT) in stable Hispanic kidney transplant recipients.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: This was a post hoc analysis of clinical trial data from Hispanic adult stable kidney transplant recipients randomized to remain on IR-Tac or convert from IR-Tac to a reduced dose of LCPT (NCT00817206). Composite treatment failure was evaluated at 12 months. Estimated glomerular filtration rate and tacrolimus trough concentrations were evaluated over 12 months.
RESULTS: Fifty-five stable (LCPT n=26, IR-Tac n=29) kidney transplant recipients who self-identified as Hispanic or Latino were included in this analysis. Composite treatment failure occurred in 1 patient (4%) who converted to LCPT and 1 (3%) who remained on IR-Tac. The estimated glomerular filtration rate was stable over time and similar in the 2 treatment groups (P=0.08). Tacrolimus trough levels for both groups were similar over time in the 2 treatment groups (P=0.98). Treatment-emergent adverse events were similar in patients who converted to LCPT and in those who remained on IR-Tac.
CONCLUSIONS: Efficacy and safety were similar in Hispanic kidney transplant recipients who converted from IR-Tac to LCPT and in those remaining on IR-Tac.

Keywords: Glomerular Filtration Rate, Graft Rejection, Kidney Transplantation, Safety, Tacrolimus

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