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Iwona Szymusik, Damian Warzecha, Mirosław Wielgoś, Bronisława Pietrzak
(1st Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Medical University of Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland)
Ann Transplant 2020; 25:e923592
Around 20% to 30% of patients after solid organ transplantation are of reproductive age. The estimated rate of infertility in this group is slightly higher than in the general population. Choosing the optimal moment for pregnancy in transplanted patients plays a pivotal role, regardless of the method of conception. The first part of this article presents an up-to-date review of the problem of infertility in female and male solid organ recipients, with special attention to the influence of specific immunosuppressive drugs on semen parameters. The second part discusses the current knowledge regarding infertility treatment and the results of assisted reproductive techniques in this specific group of patients.
Despite restoring gonadal functions after transplantation, the patients should be informed about possible negative effects of medications on fertility, course of pregnancy, and the fetus. Interdisciplinary care should always be provided for infertile graft recipients, especially women, as it ensures safety both for the graft and for the potential gestation. The process of infertility diagnosis and tools used for that purpose are the same in transplanted patients as in the general population. The treatment with assisted reproductive techniques is acceptable and gives favorable results as long as patients are managed rationally, with special attention paid to prevention of iatrogenic complications.