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Laetitia Albano, Bernard Banas, Frank Lehner, Maciej Glyda, Ondrej Viklicky, Stefan Schleibner, Malcolm Brown, Nassim Kamar
(Department of Nephrology, University Hospital Center of Nice, Nice, France)
Ann Transplant 2020; 25:e920041
This post hoc analysis of data from the prospective OSAKA study evaluated the efficacy and safety of prolonged- and immediate-release tacrolimus in patients who received kidneys from extended-criteria (ECD) and standard-criteria (SCD) donors.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: Within the ECD and SCD groups, patients were randomized to one of 4 tacrolimus-based regimens (initial dose): Arm 1, immediate-release tacrolimus (0.2 mg/kg/day); Arm 2, prolonged-release tacrolimus (0.2 mg/kg/day); Arm 3, prolonged-release tacrolimus (0.3 mg/kg/day); Arm 4, prolonged-release tacrolimus (0.2 mg/kg/day) plus basiliximab. All patients received mycophenolate mofetil and bolus corticosteroids; Arms 1-3 also received tapered corticosteroids. ECDs met the definition: living/deceased donors aged ≥60 years, or 50-60 years with ≥1 other risk factor, and donation after circulatory death. Primary composite endpoint: graft loss, biopsy-confirmed acute rejection or renal dysfunction by Day 168. Outcomes were compared across treatment arms with the chi-squared or Fisher’s exact test.
RESULTS: A total of 1198 patients were included in the analysis (ECD: n=620 [51.8%], SCD: n=578 [48.2%]). Patients with kidneys from ECDs were older versus SCDs (mean age, 55.7 vs. 44.5 years, p<0.0001). A higher proportion of patients with kidneys from ECDs versus SCDs met the primary composite endpoint (56.8% vs. 32.4%, p<0.0001). However, no statistically significant differences in clinical outcomes or the incidence of treatment-emergent adverse events were seen between treatment arms within each donor group.
CONCLUSIONS: Worse outcomes were experienced in patients who received kidneys from ECDs versus SCDs. Prolonged-release tacrolimus provided similar graft survival to the immediate-release formulation, with a manageable tolerability profile.