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Faliang Zhao, Xin Wang, Tiancai Liang, Dingsu Bao, Yuanliang Wang, Yang Du, Hao Li, Jiang Du, Anjian Chen, Zifeng Fu, Zhihui Xie, Guobiao Liang
(Medical College of Soochow University, Suzhou, Jiangsu, China (mainland))
Ann Transplant 2020; 25:e919385
The aim of this study was to investigate the protective effect and mechanism of hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) in a rat model of renal ischemia-reperfusion injury following kidney transplantation.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: Sprague Dawley rats were randomly divided into 3 groups (n=18): sham group, kidney transplantation group, and HBO treatment group. Six rats in each group were sacrificed at 1, 3, and 5 hours after reperfusion, and serum and renal tissue were then collected. The serum creatinine levels and histopathological changes of the renal tissue were detected. ICAM-1, VCAM-1, and C3 expression levels were also detected by immunohistochemical staining or real-time polymerase chain reaction.
RESULTS: Renal function was damaged in the kidney transplantation group and the HBO treatment group compared with sham group (P<0.05). Renal histopathological changes, including tubular cell swelling, tubular dilatation, and hyaline casts, were remarkably reduced in the HBO treatment group compared to the kidney transplantation group. In the immunohistochemical examination, the expression levels of ICAM-1, VCAM-1, and C3 were obviously increased in the kidney transplantation group and the HBO treatment group; moreover, the levels in the HBO treatment group were significantly lower than in the kidney transplantation group (P<0.05). In addition, the ICAM-1 and C3 mRNA levels were increased in the kidney transplantation group and HBO treatment group, but the levels of in the HBO treatment group them were significantly decreased compared to the kidney transplantation group that at 3 and 5 hours after reperfusion (P<0.05).
CONCLUSIONS: HBO treatment exerted a protective effect on renal function through inhibition of adhesion molecule overexpression and complement system activation in a rat model of renal ischemia-reperfusion injury after kidney transplantation.