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Low Mean Arterial Blood Pressure is Independently Associated with Postoperative Acute Kidney Injury After Living Donor Liver Transplantation: A Propensity Score Weighing Analysis

Hye-Mee Kwon, Young-Jin Moon, Kyeo-Woon Jung, Hye-Won Jeong, Yong-Seok Park, In-Gu Jun, Jun-Gol Song, Gyu-Sam Hwang

(Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Laboratory for Cardiovascular Dynamics, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, South Korea)

Ann Transplant 2018; 23:236-245

DOI: 10.12659/AOT.908329

BACKGROUND: As end-stage liver disease progresses, renal blood flow linearly correlates with mean arterial blood pressure (MBP) due to impaired autoregulation. We investigated whether the lower degree of postoperative MBP would predict the occurrence of postoperative acute kidney injury (AKI) after liver transplantation.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: This retrospective study enrolled 1,136 recipients with normal preoperative kidney function. Patients were categorized into two groups according to the averaged postoperative MBP: <90 mmHg (MBPbelow90) and ≥90 mmHg (MBPover90). The primary endpoint was occurrence of postoperative AKI, defined by the creatinine criteria of the Kidney Disease Improving Global Outcomes. The logistic regression model with inverse probability treatment weighting (IPTW) of propensity score was used to compare the risk of postoperative AKI between two groups.
RESULTS: MBPbelow90 group (83.0±5.1 mmHg) showed higher prevalence and risk of postoperative AKI (74.2% versus 62.6%, p<0.001; IPTW-OR 1.34 [1.12–1.61], p=0.001) compared with MBPover90 group (97.3±5.2 mmHg). When stratified by quartiles of baseline cystatin C glomerular filtration ratio (GFR), the association between MBPbelow90 and postoperative AKI remained significant only with the lowest quartile (cystatin C GFR ≤85 mL/min/1.73 m²; IPTW-OR 2.24 [1.53–3.28], p<0.001), but not with 2nd–4th quartiles.
CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that maintaining supranormal MBP over 90 mmHg may be beneficial to reduce the risk of post-LT AKI, especially for liver transplant recipients with cystatin C GFR ≤85 mL/min/1.73 m².

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