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Simultaneous Pancreas-Kidney Transplantation in a Patient with Heparin-Induced Thrombocytopenia on Dabigatran Therapy

Agnieszka Jóźwik, Wojciech Lisik, Jarosław Czerwiński, Maciej Kosieradzki

(Department of General and Transplantation Surgery, Medical University of Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland)

Ann Transplant 2018; 23:232-235

DOI: 10.12659/AOT.905868

BACKGROUND: New oral anticoagulants like direct thrombin inhibitors are an attractive alternative to vitamin K antagonists as anticoagulation therapy and can be used in heparin-induced thrombocytopenia. They are convenient in low-risk surgery, as there is no need for bridging with heparins. Patients who need urgent major surgery are at similar risk as on warfarin therapy, which, however, is much higher than in elective procedures. Due to their elimination profiles, these drugs are generally contraindicated in patients with severe renal insufficiency. On the other hand, pancreas transplantation is associated with high risk of bleeding and substantial risk of graft thrombosis. There are no recommendations on anticoagulation therapy in high-risk patients on kidney-pancreas waiting lists who cannot be given heparins.
CASE REPORT: We describe a case of simultaneous pancreas-kidney transplantation in a patient with heparin-induced thrombocytopenia on dabigatran treatment.
CONCLUSIONS: We conclude that, despite the high risk, pancreas transplantation in a patient with HIT can be safely done while on NOAC therapy, but an access to idarucizumab should be assured.

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