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Luo Aijing, Xie Wenzhao, Wei Wei, Wan Qiquan, Deng Xuantong
(Laboratory of Medical Information Research, The Third Affiliated Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, Hunan, China (mainland))
Ann Transplant 2016; 21:516-524
China officially launched a pilot program of organ donation after cardiac death to overcome the shortage of available organs since 2011. Voluntary organ donation by deceased citizens became the only source of transplant organs beginning January 1, 2015.
To investigate public opinions on organ donation by deceased donors, and discuss the effect of these opinions on the willingness and attitude of the public regarding voluntary organ donation.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: We designed a questionnaire. The survey was conducted from December 2014 to January 2015 in Changsha City, and 417 valid questionnaires were recovered.
RESULTS: A total of 162 respondents explicitly expressed a willingness to donate organs, and 269 believed that the organ donors’ relatives should be compensated. A total of 255 respondents thought it acceptable to complete the donation-consent form when receiving a driver’s license. Among the respondents, 65.3% did not agree with the statement “My body is bestowed by my parents, and to donate my body parts would not display filial respect”; 88.9% agreed that “It is necessary to consider the willingness of my family”; 74.4% agreed that “Donated organs have not been fairly and appropriately used; the wealthy and celebrities have been favored”; and 61.4% agreed that “Organ donation laws and regulations are not well developed, and organ donations will result in unnecessary difficulties.” More than 80% believed that organ donation and transplantation extend life.
CONCLUSIONS: Public opinions on organ donation after death are associated with various factors, including traditional values, religious beliefs, compensation mechanisms, donor registration, institutional credibility, and ideals.