H-Index
34
Scimago Lab
powered by Scopus
JCR
Clarivate
Analytics
call: +1.631.629.4327
Mon-Fri 10 am - 2 pm EST

Logo

MSMbanner
Medical Science Monitor Basic Research

AmJCaseRep
MedSciTechnol

eISSN: 2329-0358

Get your full text copy in PDF

The Potential Role of IL-33 in Renal Transplant Recipients with Chronic Allograft Dysfunction

Jiexiu Zhang, Zijie Wang, Zhen Xu, Zhijian Han, Jun Tao, Pei Lu, Zhengkai Huang, Wanli Zhou, Chunchun Zhao, Ruoyun Tan, Min Gu

(Department of Urology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, Jiangsu, China (mainland))

Ann Transplant 2016; 21:611-618

DOI: 10.12659/AOT.899263


BACKGROUND: Chronic allograft dysfunction (CAD) is the major factor endangering the long-term allograft survival in kidney transplantation. The mechanisms of CAD remain unclear.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 64 renal transplant recipients were enrolled in our study and divided into a stable group and CAD group according to their allograft function. A group of 32 normal controls (healthy volunteers) were also included. An ELISA was used to detect serum interleukin-33 (IL-33), IL-2, IL-4, IL-10, IL-17, and interferon-gamma (IFN-γ). Flow cytometry was performed to measure the percentage of CD3+CD4+ and CD3+CD8+ T cells in the peripheral blood from the three patient groups. The correlations among the study indexes were also analyzed using Pearson’s method.
RESULTS: Levels of serum IL-33 was significantly higher in CAD patients than recipients with stable allograft function. Moreover, serum IL-2, IL-4, and IL-10 also increased statistically in patients with CAD. In addition, significant differences were observed in CD4+ T cells and the ratio of CD4+ and CD8+ T cells between CAD and stable patients.
CONCLUSIONS: Serum upregulated IL-33 could contribute to the pathogenesis of CAD in kidney transplant recipients.

This paper has been published under Creative Common Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) allowing to download articles and share them with others as long as they credit the authors and the publisher, but without permission to change them in any way or use them commercially.
I agree