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Medical Science Monitor Basic Research


eISSN: 2329-0358

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Immunosuppressive protocol with delayed use of low-dose tacrolimus after aortic transplantation suppresses donor-specific anti-MHC class I and class II antibody production in rats

Ivan Matia, Peter Fellmer, Katrin Splith, Martin Varga, Milos Adamec, Ines Kämmerer, Linda Feldbrügge, Felix Krenzien, Hans-Michael Hau, Georgi Atanasov, Moritz Schmelzle, Sven Jonas

(Department of Visceral, Transplantation, Thoracic and Vascular Surgery, University of Leipzig, Leipzig, Germany)

Ann Transplant 2014; 19:225-232

DOI: 10.12659/AOT.889870

Background: Arterial allografts are used as vascular conduits in the treatment of prosthetic graft infection. Immunosuppression decreases their rupture risk rate. However, immunosuppression can be unprofitable in florid infection. Previously, we confirmed inhibition of cell-mediated destruction of rat aortic grafts by delayed use of tacrolimus. In this work, we studied the influence of this protocol on the antibody-mediated rejection.
Material and Methods: Flow cytometry was used for the retrospective analysis of day 0, 14, and 30 sera obtained from Lewis rat recipients of isogeneic fresh infrarenal aortic grafts (group A) or Brown-Norway rat aortic grafts (group B,C,D) for the presence of donor-specific anti-MHC class I and II antibodies. Tacrolimus in daily dose of 0.2 mg/kg was administered from day 1 to day 30 (group C) or from day 7 to day 30 (group D).
Results: Inhibition of fluorescence-labeled anti-BN MHC class I and MHC class II antibodies binding to BN-splenocytes was observed only by day 14 and day 30 sera of allogeneic non-immunosuppressed Lewis rats (group B). The day 30 sera significantly decreased anti-MHC I (42±3%) and anti-MHC II antibody binding (56±3%) compared to day 0 (76±9%, p=0.005 and 79±5%, p=0.003, respectively). Deposition of immunoglobulins G into the tunica media was observed only in non-immunosuppressed aortic allografts on day 30.
Conclusions: Fresh aortic allografts induce donor-specific anti-MHC class I and anti-MHC class II antibody production. Delayed administration of tacrolimus completely suppressed antibody production and antibody-mediated destruction of aortic allografts.

Keywords: anti-MHC class II antibody, anti-MHC class I antibody, Tacrolimus, antibody-mediated rejection, arterial allografts, arterial rejection

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