Logo Annals of Transplantation Logo Annals of Transplantation Logo Annals of Transplantation

17 April 2019 : Original article  

Clinical Efficacy of Pretransplant Vaccination for Preventing Herpes Zoster After Living Donor Liver Transplantation in Recipients Age 50 Years and Older

Chan Woo Cho1ACEF, Jong Man Kim2AB*, Gyu-Seong Choi2BD, Jae-Won Joh2AD

DOI: 10.12659/AOT.914213

Ann Transplant 2019; 24:208-213

Abstract

BACKGROUND: There have been no reports concerning the efficacy of pretransplant herpes zoster (HZ) vaccination following living donor liver transplantation (LDLT).

MATERIAL AND METHODS: From January 2013 to May 2016, 24 patients age 50 years and older received vaccination of HZ prior to transplantation and underwent LDLT at a single institution. We compared this to the 1-year HZ incidence of unvaccinated recipients (N=180) who underwent LDLT in the same time period.

RESULTS: For general characteristics, the MELD scores (p<0.001) and CTP grades (p=0.007) of the vaccinated group were significantly lower than those of the unvaccinated group. In Kaplan-Meier analysis, the 1-year HZ incidence rates of the vaccinated and unvaccinated groups were 2 (8.7%) and 16 (9.9%) cases, respectively (p=0.883). In the subgroup aged 50–59 years, 2 vaccinated recipients had HZ after LDLT. However, in the subgroup aged 60 years and older, no vaccinated recipients had HZ after LDLT. Multivariate analysis showed the independent risk factor for HZ after LDLT was use of mycophenolate mofetil (MMF; hazard ratio [HR]=3.00; p=0.041).

CONCLUSIONS: The efficacy of pretransplant vaccination for preventing HZ was not apparent in our study. A large prospective study is needed to determine the indications for pretransplant HZ vaccination according to age group and to evaluate the efficacy of HZ vaccination after LDLT.

Keywords: Herpes Zoster, Liver Transplantation, Vaccination, Herpes Zoster Vaccine, Immunosuppression Therapy, Incidence, Kaplan-Meier Estimate, Living Donors, Male, Middle Aged, Mycophenolic Acid, Postoperative Complications, Preoperative Care, Prospective Studies, Risk Factors, Treatment Outcome

Comments

In Press

06 May 2022 : Original article  

Phosphatidylethanol (PEth) for Monitoring Sobriety in Liver Transplant Candidates: Preliminary Results of D...

Ann Transplant In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AOT.936293  

27 Apr 2022 : Review article  

A Systematic Review of the Literature on Chronic Kidney Disease Following Liver Transplantation

Ann Transplant In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AOT.935170  

Most Viewed Current Articles

29 Dec 2021 : Original article  

Efficacy and Safety of Tacrolimus-Based Maintenance Regimens in De Novo Kidney Transplant Recipients: A Sys...

DOI :10.12659/AOT.933588

Ann Transplant 2021; 26:e933588

26 Jan 2022 : Review article  

Recurrence of Hepatocellular Carcinoma After Liver Transplantation: Risk Factors and Predictive Models

DOI :10.12659/AOT.934924

Ann Transplant 2022; 27:e934924

24 Jul 2020 : Review article  

Kidney Transplantation in the Times of COVID-19 – A Literature Review

DOI :10.12659/AOT.925755

Ann Transplant 2020; 25:e925755

15 Mar 2022 : Case report  

Combined Liver, Pancreas-Duodenum, and Kidney Transplantation for Patients with Hepatitis B Cirrhosis, Urem...

DOI :10.12659/AOT.935860

Ann Transplant 2022; 27:e935860

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Annals of Transplantation eISSN: 2329-0358
Annals of Transplantation eISSN: 2329-0358