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eISSN: 2329-0358

Long-Term Health-Related Quality of Life in Living Liver Donors

Maciej K. Janik, Aleksandra Księżopolska, Konrad Kostrzewa, Konrad Kobryń, Maciej Moskwa, Joanna Raszeja-Wyszomirska, Oskar Kornasiewicz, Waldemar Patkowski, Piotr Milkiewicz, Marek Krawczyk, Krzysztof Zieniewicz

Liver and Internal Medicine Unit, Department of General, Transplant and Liver Surgery, Medical University of Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland

Ann Transplant 2019; 24:45-51

DOI: 10.12659/AOT.911109

Available online:

Published: 2019-01-22

BACKGROUND: In living donor liver transplantation (LDLT), 2 patients undergo surgery, and the advantages and disadvantages for both patients should be considered. This study evaluated the long-term quality of life in living liver donors, and its impact on their activities of daily living focusing on mood and mental health.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: In total, 101 living liver donors (69 female and 32 male patients, median age of 36.8 years) were surveyed at a median time of 61.8 months after liver donation (range 7–169 months). The generic Short Form Health Survey (SF-36), the Patient Health Questionnaire 9 (PHQ-9), and the Questionnaire of Physical Activity (IPAQ) were used. The results of SF-36 were compared to a matched control group (n=72) using the Wilcoxon test; the SF-36, the PHQ-9, and the IPAQ scores were analyzed using Spearman’s rank correlation. Linear regression model was used to check for dependencies between variables of interest. The IPAQ results were compared between the study group and the general Polish population.
RESULTS: There were no significant differences in the SF-36 domains between the study group and control group except body pain, which was higher in the living liver donor group (P<0.05). In 30.6% of patients, the PHQ-9 survey revealed mood disturbances. The PHQ-9 scores were higher in female-donors (P<0.05). Both summary scores of the SF-36 correlated to the PHQ-9 (P<0.001). In 89.1% of patients, physical activity was below the population norm and was lower in female donors than in male donors (P<0.01).
CONCLUSIONS: LDLT had no impact on donors’ physical and mental health. Physical activity of living liver donors was lower than that of the general population. The SF-36 and the IPAQ measures seem to be reliable in the care of living liver donors. The PHQ-9 survey results and the inclination to depression of female living liver donors requires further study.

Keywords: Liver Transplantation, Living Donors, Motor Activity, Quality of Life