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Medical Science Monitor Basic Research


eISSN: 2329-0358

Interleukin 17 (IL-17)-Induced Mesenchymal Stem Cells Prolong the Survival of Allogeneic Skin Grafts

Tengxiao Ma, Xiao Wang, Ya Jiao, Haitao Wang, Yongjun Qi, Hongmin Gong, Longxiao Zhang, Duyin Jiang

Department of Emergency and Department of Burns and Plastic Surgery, The Second Hospital of Shandong University, Jinan, Shandong, China (mainland)

Ann Transplant 2018; 23:615-621

DOI: 10.12659/AOT.909381

Available online: 2018-08-31

Published: 2018-08-31


BACKGROUND: Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have the potential of self-renewal and multi-differentiation and have a wide application prospect in organ transplantation for the effect of inducing immune tolerance. It has found that interleukin 17 (IL-17) could enhance the inhibition effect of MSCs on T cell proliferation and increase the immunosuppressive effect of MSCs. In this study, we aimed to investigate the effect of IL-17-induced MSCs on allograft survival time after transplantation.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: BMSCs were characterized by differential staining. The allogenic skin transplantations were performed and the BMSCs pre-treated by IL-17 were injected. To assess the immunosuppressive function of IL-17-induced BMSCs, the morphology of the grafts, the homing ability of the BMSCs, and the survival time of the grafts were analyzed.
RESULTS: BMSCs from BALB/c have multidirectional differentiation potential to differentiate into osteogenic, chondrogenic, and adipogenic lineage cells. IL-17-induced BMSCs prolonged the survival time of allogeneic skin grafts dramatically. We found that there were more labeled MSCs in the skin grafts, and the Treg subpopulations percentage, IL-10, and TGF-β were significantly increased, while the IFN-γ level was decreased compared to the control group and MSCs group. In conclusion, IL-17 can enhance the homing ability of MSCs and regulate the immunosuppressive function of MSC.
CONCLUSIONS: Our data demonstrate that IL-17 plays the crucial role in MSC homing behaviors and promotes immunosuppression of MSCs during transplantation procedures, suggesting that IL-17-pre-treated MSCs have potential to prolong graft survival and reduce transplant rejection.

Keywords: Interleukin-17, mesenchymal stromal cells, Skin Transplantation