Impact of Preoperative Abdominal Visceral Adipose Tissue Area and Nutritional Status on Renal Function After Donor Nephrectomy in Japanese Living Donors for Renal Transplantation
Shunta Hori, Makito Miyake, Yosuke Morizawa, Yasushi Nakai, Kenta Onishi, Kota Iida, Daisuke Gotoh, Satoshi Anai, Kazumasa Torimoto, Katsuya Aoki, Tatsuo Yoneda, Nobumichi Tanaka, Katsunori Yoshida, Kiyohide Fujimoto
(Department of Urology, Nara Medical University, Kashihara, Nara, Japan)
Ann Transplant 2018; 23:364-376
Living kidney donors face the risk of renal dysfunction, resulting in end-stage renal disease, cardiovascular disease, or cerebrovascular disease, after donor nephrectomy. Reducing this risk is important to increasing survival of living donors. In this study, we investigated the effect of preoperative distribution of abdominal adipose tissue and nutritional status on postoperative renal function in living donors.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: Seventy-five living donors were enrolled in this retrospective study. Preoperative unenhanced computed tomography images were used to measure abdominal adipose tissue parameters. Prognostic nutritional index (PNI) was used to assess preoperative nutritional status. Donors were divided into 2 groups according to abdominal visceral adipose tissue (VAT) area at the level of the fourth and fifth lumbar vertebrae (<80 or ≥80 cm²). Postoperative renal function was compared in the 2 groups, and prognostic factors for development of chronic kidney disease (CKD) G3b were identified using multivariate analysis.
RESULTS: Donors with a VAT area ≥80 significantly more often had hypertension preoperatively. Although there was no significant difference in preoperative estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) between the 2 groups, postoperative renal function was significantly decreased in donors with a VAT area ≥80 compared to those with a VAT area <80. In multivariate analysis, VAT area ≥80 and PNI <54 were independent factors predicting the development of CKD G3b after 12 months.
CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that preoperative VAT and PNI affect postoperative renal function. Further research is required to establish appropriate exercise protocols and nutritional interventions during follow-up to improve outcomes in living donors.
Keywords: Kidney Function Tests, Kidney Transplantation, Living Donors, Nephrectomy, Nutritional Status