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Medical Science Monitor Basic Research


eISSN: 2329-0358

Portosystemic Shunt Surgery in Patients with Idiopathic Noncirrhotic Portal Hypertension

Servet Karagul, Mehmet Ali Yagci, Ali Tardu, Ismail Ertugrul, Serdar Kirmizi, Fatih Sumer, Burak Isik, Cuneyt Kayaalp, Sezai Yilmaz

Liver Transplantation Institute, Inonu University, Malatya, Turkey

Ann Transplant 2016; 21:317-320

DOI: 10.12659/AOT.898253

Available online: 2016-05-19

Published: 2016-05-19


BACKGROUND: Idiopathic noncirrhotic portal hypertension (INCPH) is a rare disease characterized by increased portal venous pressure in the absence of cirrhosis and other causes of liver diseases. The aim of the present study was to present our results in using portosystemic shunt surgery in patients with INCPH.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: Patients who had been referred to our Liver Transplantation Institute for liver transplantation and who had undergone surgery from January 2010 to December 2015 were retrospectively analyzed. Patients with INCPH who had undergone portosystemic shunt procedure were included in the study. Age, sex, symptoms and findings, type of portosystemic shunt, and postoperative complications were assessed.
RESULTS: A total of 1307 patients underwent liver transplantation from January 2010 to December 2015. Eleven patients with INCPH who did not require liver transplantation were successfully operated on with a portosystemic shunt procedure. The mean follow-up was 30.1±19 months (range 7–69 months). There was no mortality in the perioperative period or during the follow-up. Two patients underwent surgery again due to intra-abdominal hemorrhage; one had bleeding from the surgical site except the portacaval anastomosis and the other had bleeding from the h-graft anastomosis. No patient developed encephalopathy and no patient presented with esophageal variceal bleeding after portosystemic shunt surgery. Shunt thrombosis occurred in 1 patient (9.9%). Only 1 patient developed ascites, which was controlled medically.
CONCLUSIONS: Portosystemic shunt surgery is a safe and effective procedure for the treatment of patients with INCPH.

Keywords: Ascites, Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage, Hypertension, Portal, Liver Transplantation, Portasystemic Shunt, Surgical, Splenorenal Shunt, Surgical