J Jagoda, J Piekutowska, A Rębalska
Ann Transplant 2009; 14(1): 83-83
Aims: 1. The attempt to define nurses' attitudes towards organ retrieval
and transplantation. 2. Qualifi cation of the factors, from which these attitudes depend on.
Material/Methods: The research was conducted as questions regarding organ retrieval, Central Register of Objections and also the moral and ethical attitudes towards transplantation. The answers to this questionnaire were established on the basis of Liberta' Scales. The investigated group of nurses answered the questions anonymously and voluntarily. The profile of the investigated group: The questionnaire was given to a group of 90 nurses working in Children's Department of Surgery and in the Operating theatre. Nurses who assist in organs' removal and transplantation, as well as nurses working in the postoperative department. IP - The Child's Health Centre. The experience in profession of the groups: 5% of nurses with 0 to 5 years of experience in profession, 25% of nurses with 6 to 10 years of experience in profession, 30% of nurses with 11 to 20 years of experience in profession and finally, 40% of nurses with more than 21 years of experience in the profession. Type of education: 45% of questioned nurses finished medical secondary school, 37% of them got diploma of a professional medical college, 17% of questioned nurses finished a Bachelor's degree of nursing. 1% had a Master's degree in nursing.
Results: Among the investigated nurses, 60% of them agreed to organs retrieval for transplantation after they died. 38% couldn't make a decision and 2% were absolutely against giving organs after their own death. To the question concerning a declaration to the K.R.S.(Central Register of Objections), of being in agreement as a organs' donor or against, only 2% of the questioned group answered that they have already declared, 78% of nurses haven't did it yet and 6% of them said they didn't know how to do it. 17% of the group would not decide to give organs for transplantation after the death of a relative and such a decision could depend in 50% on the attitude of that dead relative towards the transplantation when he was alive, and for the alive one, only 30% would depend on his own opinion, however 20% would wish there was a family's consent. In the same group of nurses hundred percent supported the organs' transplantation as a treatment.
Conclusions: 100% of respondents support the organs' transplantation, (the
condition; the organ's donor is not a relative). 80% of nurses have known
the principles of giving a declaration of being an organ's donor or not, to
the Central Register of Objections. 2% questioned nurses made a statement
to the C.R.O. The largest inï¬‚ uence on the relation to the organ's transplantation has the work with the patients waiting for a transplant. The nurses' religious beliefs play also a major and sometimes a key role in this mode of treatment.36% of questioned nurses have shown to have a huge knowledge about the human organs transplantations.