Hyperhomocysteinemia as A Risk Factorfor Cardiovascular Diseases.The Association of Hyperhomocysteinemia with Diabetes Mellitus and Renal Transplant Recipients
Marcin W Socha, Malgorzata J Polakowska, Koryna Socha-Urbanek, Piotr Fiedor
Ann Transplant 1999; 4(1): 11-19
Hyperhomocysteinemia has been recognised as an independent risk factor for cardiovascular, cerebrovascular and peripheral artery disease. There is strong evidence suggesting that hyperhomocysteinemia accelerates the process of atherogenesis. Possible explanations for this will be shortly reviewed. Recently a growing interest has been focused on the association of hyperhomocysteinemia with diabetes mellitus and with chronic renal disease, including renal transplant recipients. Some clinicalaspects of this occurrence, such as interactions with insulin, metformin, and cyclosporine and also with some vitamins, will be described. The issue of hyperhomocysteinemia in heart transplant patients will also be mentioned. Last of all, the interaction of homocysteine concentration with some beverages will be considered.
Keywords: homocysteine, Hyperhomocysteinemia, Diabetes Mellitus, Organ Transplantation