The comparison of treatment results of type 1 diabetes mellitus complicated by end-stage diabetic nephropathy in patients undergoing simultaneous pancreas and pre-emptive kidney transplantation (SPPkTx) and patients enrolled into the dialysis program--a cohort study.
Tadeusz Grochowiecki, Jacek Szmidt, Zbigniew Gałązka, Sławomir Nazarewski, Krzysztof Madej, Sławomir Frunze, Janusz Wyzgał, Grzegorz Senatorski, Tomasz Jakimowicz, Kamil Pietrasik, Mikołaj Wojtaszek, Katarzyna Grygiel, Witold Chudziński, Marcin Siciński, Andrzej Kański, Leszek Pączek
Ann Transplant 2005; 10(3): 31-35
OBJECTIVE: A cohort study was conducted to compare treatment of patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus and end-stage diabetic nephropathy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: 47 type 1 diabetic patients required renal replacement therapy in years: 2001-2005 were enrolled. Simultaneous pancreas and preemptive kidney transplant (sppktx) was performed in 18 (group I). Group II consisted of 29 patients who entered dialysis program. Survival rate for patients from both groups was estimated. Transplanted organ function was evaluated for group II. Lipid profile and its correlation with thickness of carotid media was assessed. Impact of sppktx on diabetic retinopathy was investigated. Cost and life quality were compared between groups. RESULTS: Two-year cumulative recipient survival rate for group I and II was 100% and 96%, respectively. One-year cumulative survival rate for transplanted pancreas was 88% and for kidney grafts 94%. In group I cholesterol and triglyceride level before transplantation were: 207 +/- 38 mg/dl and 133 +/- 65 mg/dl and decreased after transplantation to 155 +/- 20 mg/dl and 78 +/- 25 mg/dl, respectively (p < 0.05). No difference of carotid media thickness was observed between groups. Stabilization of retinopathy was observed in 91.6% non-blind recipients. During the first year of the follow-up the costs of transplantation doubled those of dialysis therapy but in the second year the costs of dialysis exceeded the costs required for transplanted patients. CONCLUSION: Despite of major surgery and introduction of immunosuppression in group I, results did not differ significantly between groups during a two-year follow-up. After sppktx, stabilization of the carotid media was slower than the normalization of lipids. At the second year, transplantation is less expensive than dialysis.
Keywords: Pancreas and Preemptive Kidney Transplantation, Diabetes Mellitus, end-stage renal disease