Jacek Ziaja, Robert Krol, Jerzy Chudek, Jacek Pawlicki, Aureliusz Kolonko, Marek Heitzman, Dominika Bozek-Pajak, Adrian Kowalik, Jaroslaw Wilk, Sylwia Sekta, Andrzej Wiecek, Lech Cierpka
Ann Transplant 2011; 16(3): 36-43
Background: Intra-abdominal infections (IAI) are among the most common causes of pancreatic graft loss and recipient death in the early period after simultaneous pancreas – kidney transplantation (SPK). The aim of the study was to analyze risk factors and clinical consequences of IAI in SPK patients.
Material/Methods: Forty-six consecutive SPK performed from 2004 to 2010 were subjected to analysis.
Results: IAI developed in 10 recipients (21.7%). The group of recipients with IAI had a higher rate of patients that required transfusion of more than 2 blood units (90% vs. 47%, p=0.028) or relaparotomy (80% vs. 14%, p<0.001), in comparison with patients without IAI. Additionally, in patients with IAI, both delayed kidney graft function or primary kidney graft nonfunction (40% vs. 11%, p=0.001) and recipient death (40% vs. 3%, p=0.006) were more frequently observed. Logistic regression analysis revealed an increased risk of IAI development in patients who required early relaparotomy (OR=24.8, p<0.001), transfusion of more than 2 blood units (OR=12.6, p=0.02), or postoperative dialysis therapy (OR=14.1, p=0.003).
Conclusions: Perioperative blood loss requiring transfusion and necessity of relaparotomy increase the risk of IAI after SPK. Development of IAI after SPK may result in impaired kidney graft function and increases patient mortality in the early postoperative period.
Keywords: simultaneous pancreas-kidney transplantation, intraabdominal infection, kidney graft function, blood loss, relaparotomy